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Pualani Kahoohanohano

contact@ahapunanaleo.org

Family-Based Indigenous Language Revitalization in Hawaiʻi Institute Background

The ʻAha Pūnana Leo is a Native Hawaiian family-based program established in 1983 to revitalize Hawaiian beginning with language nests. We also provide support to Hawaiian language education at the K-12, university, and community levels. We serve all ethnicities, home languages and economic backgrounds, but primarily families speaking Hawaiʻi Creole English and some Hawaiian from lower socio-economic backgrounds. We increase the number of learners through establishing new language nests and supporting the development of follow-up K-12 programs. We also provide on-line learning and Hawaiian language media. In addition we work with other Indigenous language schools and programs that seek to partner with us.

  • Access
  • Excellence
  • Keys to Access and Excellence
Selected Section

Improve Access for all learners in more languages

Hawaiian

40 %

Administration

Operations (secretary, nurse, janitors)

School assemblies

Routine communications with parents

Parent outreach (e.g. parent nights)

Hawaiian

Hawaiian

Hawaiian

Hawaiian

Hawaiian

English is not taught

No

  • Oratory
  • Indigenous Literature
  • Traditional values and teachings
  • Creation narratives
  • Indigenous Histories
  • Poetry and lyrics
  • Performing arts
  • Reading and writing
  • ethnobotany, ethnozoology, traditional food preparation, material arts

Some elders are speakers but most elders do not speak the language. Elders are included in parent/family programs. Elders provide cultural connections and history that is incorporated into the curriculum

Yes

Yes

In the language nests, there is required participation in in-kind services and language/culture classes. Enrollment preference is given to children and families who are Hawaiian speakers, who then assist in transmitting the language to others in the program. Beyond language nests family participation is available but not required.

Teachers are community members who have gained proficiency in the language through various means. The organization provides support for more formal university level study and also holds a live-in training week in the summer taught through the language and two multiple day trainings during the school year.

The first language speakers are generally younger because, Hawaiian is in the process of being revitalized. In the language nests, the first language speakers tend to be enrolled children, but may be elders and young adults.

First language speakers take on all roles, e.g., teachers, administrators, parents in the language nests. In other programs supported by the ʻAha Pūnana Leo they may also be teachers, administrators, parents, other staff. Again most widespread among first language speakers are children raised monolingually or bilingually in Hawaiian in the home by parents who learned Hawaiian as a second language.

Traditionally all Hawaiian speakers can read Hawaiian. The only first language speakers who cannot read are preschool children who are beginning to learn to read.

The majority of teachers, administrators and staff fit this category

These tend to be parents and grandparents.

Community programs

The ʻAha Pūnana Leo operates thirteen language nests in a variety of contexts, mostly rural in all counties of Hawaiʻi. It also provides facilities for three follow-up K-12 Hawaiian language medium programs and other support through internet, radio and other means across the state. The majority of students and families are Native Hawaiian - an ethnic group of color with considerable other racial mixture. A considerable portion live on federal designated Hawaiian Home Lands, but like the Native Hawaiian population at large, most live outside those small areas. All programs except for on-line programs are currently within the Hawaiian Islands, the Native Hawaiian homeland.

Yes

Requirements

Families must provide in-kind services, study language and culture

Practice 1

Total Indigenous Hawaiian language medium education combining two or more age groups

Practice 2

All day, five days a week, eleven months a year program with preference for Hawaiian-speaking English Learners

Practice 3

Parent participation and in-kind service requirement

The ʻAha Pūnana Leo operates thirteen language nests in a variety of contexts, mostly rural in all counties of Hawaiʻi. It also provides facilities for three follow-up K-12 Hawaiian language medium programs and other support through internet, radio and other means across the state. The majority of students and families are Native Hawaiian - an ethnic group of color with considerable other racial mixture. A considerable portion live on federal designated Hawaiian Home Lands, but like the Native Hawaiian population at large, most live outside those small areas. All programs except for on-line programs are currently within the Hawaiian Islands, the Native Hawaiian homeland.

  • Recruitment beyond local area/school district
  • In school social activities for families and students
  • Dedicated scholarships
  • Parental outreach or information
  • Word of mouth is the main strategy.
  • Appropriate curriculum
  • Appropriate instructional methodologies
  • Integrating home and community resources in the language instruction program
  • Fair and equitable assessments
  • Certified or proficient language teachers
  • Teachers that address socio-emotional learning approaches in their teaching
  • Latinx students are not common here but face no distinct barrier in enrolling at our school. Native Hawaiians not infrequently have Puerto Rican, Spanish, or Hispano-Filipino ancestors.

Yes

  • Hawaiian
  • Instruction aimed specifically at building on instruction in Indigenous language schools and programs and cultures
  • Native American student recruitment efforts across the school, district and in Native American communities
  • Course credit for Indigenous language proficiency
  • Collaboration with Native American communities using Native American languages for instruction, for after-school & weekend language and culture programs
  • Social-emotional learning
  • The ʻAha Pūnana Leo is the non-profit organization that pioneered Hawaiian medium education in Hawaiʻi.

Excellence through transparency and accountability

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

No

  • Title VI
  • Competitive grants under Title VI Native Hawaiian Education

No

  • Cultural Literacy
  • Employment opportunities
  • Global citizenship, cosmopolitanism
  • Human diversity, including linguistic diversity
  • Intercultural Competence
  • Social inclusion
  • Social-Emotional Learning
  • Social justice
  • Usage/immersion learning (teaching content through the target language)
  • Language revitalization for the home, school and community. Implementation of the official state language status of Hawaiian and federal Native American Languages Act.

Yes

Provide targeted support and programming for Native American languages

  • High proficiency in Hawaiian, but not based on ACTFL.

No

Yes

No

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

The language is required for operating the language nests and also outreach services.

  • Historically underserved learner (HUL) communities

Yes

5 %

Yes

Because the language nests are basically year round and all day, most programs are during school time. However, families may have get togethers where the language is used. There are competitions where the language is used, e.g., speech contests, dance festivals, sports events, some bilingual museum opportunities, etc.

main features of your immersion program that you think contribute to its success
The overall family involvement, focus on building around an existing speaker base, integration of continuation from infancy through to high school graduation totally in Hawaiian. Connection to the state Hawaiian language college.

Yes

  • Partial scholarships
  • Virtual experiences
  • We move teachers between sites to help sites that have fewer human resources.
  • Yes

Local colleges and universities

The ʻAha Pūnana Leo is part of a Hawaiian language medium consortium that includes Ka Haka ʻUla O Keʻelikōlani College of Hawaiian language, ʻImiloa Center, Nāwahīokalaniʻōpuʻu laboratory school and other partners less involved in the effort. This provides a full P-20 total Hawaiian medium educational system with additional supports in on-line resources and in media.

Institution Information

Group of learners

  • Birth-Toddler
  • Pre-school
  • Adult learners
  • Elder
  • Teachers

School Accredition

  • WINHEC World Indigenous Nations Higher Education Consortium (WINHEC)

Location of Program

Rural

Grades taught at your school

  • PreK-K

Recruit Students from USED category

  • Native Hawaiian
  • English Language Learners

Groups over 10%

  • Native American

Type of Program

  • Childcare (some are private childcare settings, some are federal or state-funded settings, some are funded by family direct pay) 
  • Early childhood
  • Native American Immersion School
  • Native American language nest
  • Native American Medium School
  • Non-profit adult language learning setting, not higher ed institution affiliated, community-determined/led
  • Non-profit organization Early Childhood/Pre-School
  • Non-profit organization K-12 setting
  • Private = Private school, funded by tuition or local community organization sometimes a Non-profit organization affiliation. Not public education funds
  • Public PK-12 School
  • State Charter, state public charter school

Is School Title I

Yes

Is School IB Authorized

No

Is Second Language Required

No

Free and Reduced Lunch Percentage

60%